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Thyroid Gland Diseases and Problems

Thyroid Gland Diseases and Problems

The thyroid gland, as it might already be known, influences the whole body function with the production of the thyroid hormones. 

Although the body has developed different mechanisms to maintain the correct hormone level, there still are possibilities that various thyroid disorders can appear.


It is one of the diseases that visually appears as an enlarged thyroid gland. There’s no specific disease that causes it, but it mainly occurs in the case of hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, or even normal thyroid function.


This is an autoimmune problem when the thyroid gland produces too much thyroid hormone (hyperthyroidism). This “graves’ disease is often the underlying cause of hyperthyroidism.” The symptoms of it can be various. Thus it is hard to diagnose it. The most common symptoms are anxiety, bulging eyes, chest pain, difficulty sleeping, insomnia, elevated blood pressure, fatigue, hand tremors, increased sweating, irregular menstrual periods, irritability or nervousness, more frequent stools or diarrhea, muscle weakness, rapid or irregular heartbeat, restlessness, sensitivity to heat, shortness of breath and difficulty breathing, unexplained weight loss (typically despite an increase in appetite), vision problems or changes.6 If the disease is left untreated, it can lead to more severe symptoms like eye problems (red eye, tearing, etc.) and others.

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What this condition occurs from the thyroid gland is producing not enough amount of thyroid hormone. This issue might occur due to problems with the thyroid gland, pituitary gland, or hypothalamus. Common symptoms to look for are fatigue, poor concentration, mental fog, dry skin, constipation, feeling cold, fluid retention, muscle and joint pain, depression, and others.


Hyperthyroidism occurs when the thyroid hormone production is excessive, and thus, the metabolism increases. Metabolism includes such factors as heart rate, how quickly the calories from food used after consuming them from food. Sometimes it can be even without apparent symptoms. Still, otherwise, it can be a tremor, nervousness, fast heart rate, fatigue, heat intolerance, increased bowel movements, increased sweating, problems to concentrate, sudden weight loss, and there could be some other weight problems.

Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis

The second name for Hashimoto’s disease, which is an autoimmune disease. This disorder in which “the immune system turns against the body’s tissues.” This means that the immune system attacks the thyroid. As a result, this occurrence can lead to hypothyroidism – the thyroid does not make enough hormones that the body for its needs. Reasons for Hashimoto’s thyroiditis can be different – genes, hormones (for example, sex hormone level change after giving birth), excessive iodine, radiation exposure. (The symptoms are rather diverse: weight gain, fatigue, paleness or puffiness of the face, joint and muscle pain, constipation, inability to get warm, problems to get pregnant, joint and muscle pain, hair loss or thinning, brittle hair, irregular or heavy menstrual periods, depression and slowed heart rate.)

Autoimmune disease

When this occurs, the immune system is attacking the healthy body cells; thus, it can affect various parts of the body. There is no clear cause for it, but it can be part of genes. Symptoms also vary, but one of the first usually are muscle aches and a low fever. A more typical sign of automation disease is “inflammation, which can cause redness, heat, pain, and swelling.”

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Thyroid disorders are various kinds, and their effect on each body might differ. There can be flare-ups, remissions when symptoms get better. In any case, a person should be careful with his eating habits, lifestyle, and try to make it as active as possible. There are ways how to do it even in the most hectic time.

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[1] Graves’ Disease Overview. Accessed from:” nofollow”

[2] Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis. Accessed from:” nofollow”

[3] Autoimmune Diseases. Accessed from:” nofollow”

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