Thyroid determines a lot of functioning of the body. If there is too much or not enough of this gland’s hormones in the body, it might face different health challenges. They can be mild of to more severe if they don’t get the right treatment.

The thyroid produces hormones from which the most important are “thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3)”.[1] Also, the pituitary gland is involved as it produces thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH). It means that this hormone stimulated the production of hormones in the thyroid gland. The hypothalamus gland controls TSH in the brain. Thyroid glands also make calcitonin hormone, which stimulates “bone cells to add calcium to bone”.1 This is crucial to make strong bones that can resist against different activities and resist against the possible injuries.

When the thyroid gland isn’t functioning well (producing too much or not enough hormones), a body might face different challenges.

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The most typical health problems thyroid disorders:thyroid-gland

  • Hypothyroidism
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Goiter
  • Thyroid nodules
  • Thyroid cancer[2]

 

Hypothyroidism

Hypothyroidism occurs when there is an insufficient amount of thyroid hormone. Further health problems can result in the thyroid gland, pituitary gland or hypothalamus that also leads to further problems like often fatigue, poor concentration abilities, “foggy” feeling in the head, dry skin, constipation, often feeling cold without obvious reason, muscle and joint aches, fluid retention and others.

Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism occurs if there is quite the opposite process – excessive production of thyroid hormone. This is a bit less common condition than hypothyroidism. Symptoms that can occur are a tremor, nervousness, fast heart rate, fatigue, heat intolerance, increased bowel movements, increased sweating, concentration problems, unintentional weight loss.

Goiter

Goiter is enlargement of the thyroid gland that can happen due to various reasons, for example, because of hyperthyroidism.

Thyroid nodules

Nodules itself are lumps or any other abnormal masses found in the unhealthy thyroid. Thyroid noodles are in various sizes and can cause symptoms linked to compression of nearby structures.

Thyroid cancer

It is the most severe health problem that can be various types. The estimation shows that this cancer is more common among adult women than men, but if it’s diabnosis is early, survival rates are high.

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It is possible to determine thyroid functions and health changes by medical history, physical exams, specialized tests and others. Most commonly blood tests allow easy to determine the thyroid hormone and TSH level. To test any visual changes in the thyroid gland, it is possible to use ultrasound. The most common treatments are thyroid medications and surgeries. To avoid this more serious intervene, it is crucial to follow your lifestyle and eating habits to make the body function normally and don’t make extra pressure to brain or thyroid gland. Follow your weight, hair loss, anxiety, “brain fog” and other problems to examine if there is some link to thyroid function. It is crucial to recognize and treat it to avoid critical health condition. Long-term health problems are something to avoid.

 

Reference:

[1] Definition of Thyroid hormones. Accessed from: http://www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=5780rel=”nofollow”

[2] Thyroid Disorders. Accessed from: http://www.medicinenet.com/thyroid_disorders/article.htmrel=”nofollow”