In the 21st century, it is a noticeable rise in food allergies not even for adults but also kids. It is important to understand the symptoms and possible solutions to avoid its effect. Everyone wants to live healthily and make the life easier livable. Kids rely more on parents whose responsibility is to know about food allergy and whether his or her child might be having one. Science and researchers have come forward to help to detect and to treat this illness.
Facts about food allergy among kids
According to the data provided by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, allergies among kids has increased by around 50% between 1997 and 2011. Nowadays it makes 1 out of 12 kid possibility to be threatened by this condition. The number is still growing also in the developed countries not only developing indicating the seriousness of allergies and need for further research.
According to the Cambridge Dictionary, allergy itself is a condition that makes someone sick or develops skin or/and breathing problems due to eating some food or being near certain substances. The side effects stated are serious and easily noticeable but to trace that it is because of an allergy isn’t that easy.
Allergy in kids can arise any time of their development. For some, it happens faster, to some later. Allergy symptoms in kids are skin rashes or give, difficult breathing (asthma), runny nose, itchy eyes, coughing, sneezing, stomach upset. These can be symptoms also of some other illnesses like flu and others. The basis of allergy is the body reaction that instead of ignoring food proteins that are harmless, triggers a reaction that releases histamine. This chemical leads to different allergy symptoms. Most common ones of them in kids are swelling and hives. Anaphylaxis is more severe and life-threatening.
Many scientists think that the main trigger for the development of allergies in kids is cleanness as part of “hygiene hypothesis” – it makes the immune system even less stimulated. This leads to an inappropriate response to things that are harmless, like in this case, food.
Food allergy triggers
Food allergies in children can be triggered by a small number of foods. The most common ones are milk and egg. Sometimes an allergy to these foods disappears after the childhood. Other common triggers or so-called, “allergens” can be different depending on the place where you live. Among kids in the countries like Australia, UK and US allergies from foods like peanut and tree nut are common. In South East Asia and Southern part of Europe more popular triggers are fish and other seafood. Common in all the places is also the possibility to have allergy from sesame, kiwi, soy and wheat. In France, the most common food allergy cause is mustard seeds, in Italy and Spain – apple, peach, and shellfish.
Additional fact worth noting is that kids that suffer from food allergies are more common in families where other members have the same illness. Food allergy can also arise when a baby has eczema. The earlier it starts, the higher possibility it is that it will lead to food allergy. There are scientifical proofs that if a baby suffers from eczema when he hasn’t even reached three months of age has high possibility develop a food allergy.
Food allergy symptoms
A kid who is suffering from food allergy will have noticeable soon after the eating. Sometimes it happens the second time. Usually, it develops a rash around the mouth. It can also lead to face swelling, runny nose, itchiness, and even vomiting. Kids with food allergy need more attention also because, with more severe reactions that lead to hard breathing, need medical help. Luckily, there is also the fact that these severe cases aren’t that common among young children – they are much more common among teenagers and older.
It is worth knowing that to detach if any of the previously mentioned problems can also be related to other diseases thus anyone would need help from some experienced doctor. This special doctor is called allergist. As another help for parents might be guidelines on how to diagnose kids with suspected food allergy released in 2011 by the National Institute for Clinical Excellence (NICE). Diagnosing happens with the use of medical history, overall examination and allergy tests like a blood test or skin pick.
Delayed allergy reactions
It is possible that food allergies among children have delayed effect. In this case, it is much harder to detect and treat. Some time ago this condition’s name was “food intolerance.” It isn’t right as allergy deals with the immune system. In the delayed response case, the immune system has a longer response time and thus, parents might be easily misleading what the cause is or which particular food causes this reaction. There are many cases when a kid continues drinking or eating the food he or she has allergy from just because the parents haven’t detached the problem.
It is just clear that until then the kid will still have different health problems. The symptoms of allergy would still appear until the cause if fully removed from the diet. Mostly these products are milk, eggs, wheat, soy and other products that are widely used. These products also change the eating habits a lot. Another less commonly used treatment is hypo-allergenic milk or similar base for other food, anti-histamines as well as adrenaline injector devices or inhalers to relieve the breeding problems. With all these changes it is possible to keep the food impact to a manageable level.
Food allergies nowadays
Food allergies among kids is a topical issue, and over the years, the number of the ones who have this condition has increased. There is a different kind of symptoms that can be misleading, and thus, it is important to consult a specialist to deal with any health problems. The symptoms in younger kids might be milder, but still, it is important to track down any change that might be due to the food allergy. With the right change in the food use and additional devices, it is possible to manage to live for kids so that they would develop and enjoy life as others.