Many people might have experienced cramps sometime during their lives mostly when working out or when going to sleep. There are many reasons for cramping starting from muscle fatigue up to nutrition. How is it possible to zero down on the core issue?
Cramp appear when muscles of calf or foot suddenly become hard, tight and also painful. They are caused “muscle spasms, involuntary contractions of one or more muscles.” People can have different causes for this unpleasant occurrence like:
- Muscle fatigue
- poor blood circulation in the legs (you can read more about fitness, blood Pressure, and nitric oxide effect on weight and overall health here.)
- magnesium and/or potassium deficiency
- overexertion of the calf muscles
- insufficient stretching before exercise
- side effect from medications
- exercising in the heat
- calcium deficiency (especially in pregnant women)
- malfunctioning nerves (e.g., from a spinal cord injury or pinched nerve in the neck or back)1
Many people choose to deal with cramps their way, for example, massaging and/or stretching the painful muscle, warming it, taking a bath with Epsom salt. If a person is experiencing cramping often and without apparent reason, it is a signal a medical problem that needs special treatment.
Further research and testing like blood tests etc. can help to find out the underlying cause. It can involve inadequate blood supply due to narrowing of arteries, nerve compression or mineral depletion. Potassium, calcium, and magnesium are crucial for body function, including also avoiding of cramps.
The core reason for cramping sensations can also be found step by step deliberately taking away things that have a potential of causing cramps like certain medications, consumption of alcohol, etc. Causes can also be treated involving more than one specialist like neurologists, orthopedists, nephrologists, endocrinologists, cardiologists, sports medicine specialists, physiatrists as the causes extremely vary (including the manifestation of other diseases, metabolism problems, hormones, medications, injuries).
Treatment of cramps
Board certified nutrition specialist Chen Ben Asher suggests searching for help if self-care treatments don’t help. Further evaluation by tests and gaining information about daily habits, exercising, etc. help to find the core problem. Stretching exercises can help to reduce cramps while at the same time you can work to get the body balanced or treat some other reason. If cramps disturb sleep, the specialist or doctor might prescribe special medication to relax the muscles. Special supplements can also help to get back on track. Nutrition & More has a wide selection of them with supervision. Some of them include Balance-Mineral foundation, Balance-Vitamin D, and others.
Cramps can make daily functions much harder as the more severe the cause is, the more frequent cramps are. With the right approach and evaluation of the body health and daily habits, it is possible to find the core reason or more than one reason for this unpleasant occurrence. Only specialists can do it.
 Muscle Spasms, Cramps, and Charley Horse. Accessed from: http://www.webmd.com/pain-management/muscle-spasms-cramps-charley-horse#1