In the previous article about high-fat diet and its impact on metabolism, it is clear that having a good metabolism is important for anyone’s body. Similar it is also to glucose metabolism and energy.

What is glucose metabolism?

It is the process that converts sugar from food in energy so that cells can use it for different needs. The cells need glucose to maintain a proper function of all of the cells. The energy cells mainly use denosine triphosphate (ATP). The process is rather simple – after you consume carbohydrates, the sugars are metabolized in the digestive tract. There they are converted into glucose. Glucose is then transferred to the blood. As a result, the blood sugar rises. The endocrine system takes action to regulate metabolism and tissue function. This system is also responsible for good sleep and mood. The endocrine system activates pancreas and releases insulin. Insulin’s primary aim is to regulate blood sugar. Glucose metabolism pathway goes through all body’s tissues and muscles. The excess storage is in liver or muscles. The excess glucose’s name is glycogen.

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New research about enhancing energy and glucose metabolism shows that a good result comes from stopping triglyceride synthesis. Too much of triglycerides lead to obesity and have a connection to insulin resistance. Therefore, this research shows a possible successful treatment also for type 2 diabetes and obesity. One of the main aspects was Acyl CoA: diacylglycerol acyltransferase 1 (DGAT1). It “is one of two DGAT enzymes that catalyze the final reaction in the known pathways of mammalian triglyceride synthesis.”[1] In the experiments, mice who had a lack of DGAT1 had insulin sensitivity, increased energy use (higher metabolism) and also immune to obesity from diet and glucose intolerance. DGAT1 in humans have links to triglyceride metabolism and more particularly the adipose tissue, liver, and small intestine. Further research might also be valuable is about the possible beneficial effects of carbohydrate restriction.

As you probably understood glucose metabolism steps, it is also important to draw attention to the food itself as it contributes to what and how the body uses.

Some of the foods for glucose metabolism that can be good in moderation:

  • Celery root
  • Sweet potatoes
  • Cassava
  • Turnips
  • Jicama
  • Yucca
  • Green mango
  • Celery root
  • Green papaya
  • Parsnips
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The function of glucose in the body and also the proper energy production and management. Further research might help to understand if also carbohydrate restriction has a positive impact on the disruption of lipid synthesis enzymes. Not only foods influence the body to function properly. Each body needs professional assessment and changes to get the right, healthy boost.

Reference:

[1] Enhancing energy and glucose metabolism by disrupting triglyceride synthesis: Lessons from mice lacking DGAT1. Accessed from: https://nutritionandmetabolism.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1743-7075-3-10rel=”nofollow”