Menopause is a process through whom eventually all woman go through, but the start of it for each woman is different. Menopause comes with various changes in the body that are 24/7 there. It is worth to know more about the symptoms to take further action.
Menopause can be defined as “the absence of menstrual periods for 12 months.” That might seem like an easily noticeable indicator, and yet it might take some time to realize. In this time the, there is no longer any function of the ovaries, and it doesn’t just happen overnight. The transitional period can be different for each woman. The average age for menopause is 51 years, but it can also appear also at the 30s. Medicine doesn’t offer any tests that would allow predicting when it will happen.
Symptoms of menopause
Abnormal vaginal bleeding
It involves periodic blood flow coming from the uterus apart from the woman’s menstruation. Bleeding can also be excessive, frequent or decreased. It is a sign of irregular ovulation.
These are “feelings of warmth that spread over the body and last from 30 seconds to a few minutes.” It is estimated that around 70% women experience this symptom sometime in their period towards menopause. A similar effect might occur from certain medications, spicy foods and alcohol consumption. For around 80% of women hot flashes disappear within five years, but for some, it might even last for up to 10 years.
Vaginal and urinary symptoms
In some women, there is vaginal irritation and itching sensation. Changes in the urinary system might also lead to the leakage of urine or need to urinate frequently. Also, vagina lining tissues become thinner, drier and less elastic due to estrogen level decrease. The need to urinate more frequently often comes from urinary tract infection as the risk to get it is higher.
Mood changes are quite common mainly due to hormonal changes. A woman can feel fatigue, tiredness, stress, easy irritability, problems with memory, etc. Tiredness and fatigue can also have a link to night sweating.
This symptom is easy to spot as it indicates extensive sweating during the night. On the other hand, there can also be other reasons for sweating like overheated room or too warm bedclothes. Important is to know that this symptom might include simple warmness and redness on the face or trunk.
Many of the symptoms might occur before menopause (even years) like irregular periods and vaginal bleeding. During the menopause, most of the symptoms appear due to lower estrogen levels. Some women might also notice changes in their skin texture, acne or weight gain. Despite symptoms and their severity changes in each woman, the most common are night sweating and hot flashes. Women can also experience hair growth on the chin, upper lip, abdomen or chest as the body still continues to produce small amounts of testosterone (male hormones). Complications might involve even osteoporosis (deterioration of bones) and heart disease. For each woman, treatments should be customized.
Menopause is a complex process that happens to every woman. Their symptoms differ, and some women might have no symptoms at all. Itself menopause doesn’t require treatment, but it might need regarding symptoms, hormonal and additional changes. Hormone therapy and various other solutions might be offered, including diet and lifestyle changes. For some women also soaking in the bath, eating plant estrogens (e.g., in soy), can be helpful. Each case is different, but it is important to know about when it is menopause and draw the necessary attention to it so that it won’t come as a surprise out of the clear sky.
 Hot Flashes. Accessed from: http://www.medicinenet.com/hot_flashes/article.htm